Sasando | Traditional musical instrument of Indonesia

This time Music For Your Life will introduce one of the traditional musical instruments from Indonesia, namely "Sasando". 

Sasando - traditional musical instrument of indonesia

What is Sasando?

Sasando is a traditional musical instrument from Indonesia, precisely from Rote Island, Province of Nusa Tenggara Timur, East of Bali. Sasando is a stringed instrument without chords and played by fingers. This instrument is almost the same as Harp, but has a very distinctive form and sound. Sasando is one of the famous musical instruments, not only in Indonesia, but also began to known in foreign countries.

See also : Slow rock music invasion

Sasando is often played to accompany singing, poetry, traditional dance and amusing grieving families. At this time, Sasando not only famous in Rote Island area, but it's also found in other areas in Nusa Tenggara Timur such as Kupang and other areas. 

Sasando is one of the musical instruments that have varied sounds, so it can play in various genres such as traditional music, pop, and other music genres.

History of Sasando 

The name of Sasando starts from the Rote people who call it "sasandu," meaning a device that vibrates or sounds, in the local language is often called "sasando". Not yet clear the origin of this Sasando, but according to the story of the people there, this instrument has been used since the 7th century. 

In one of the local people legends, it's told about the story of Sangguana who washed ashore on Ndana Island and fell in love with the King's daughter. Then the King gave conditions to Sangguana. He asked to make a musical instrument that different from other musical instruments.



At one point, Sangguana dreamed. In the dream he plays a beautiful musical instrument and has a sweet voice. Then, Sangguana made a musical instrument called Sasando and given to the King. The king amazed by the musical instrument that made by Sangguana. So the King allowed his daughter to marry Sangguana.

Sasando Shape

Sasando has a very unique shape and different from other stringed instruments. In the main part of Sasando this long tubular shape made of special bamboo. The bottom and top of the bamboo is a place to install and adjust the strings. At the center of the bamboo is usually given "senda" (buffer) where the stretch stretched. Senda used to set the scales and produce different tones on each string. While the container for resonance in the form of woven "lontar" leaves are often called "haik".

How to Play 

Although Sasando is a musical instrument that played by picking, but sasando has different way with other stringed instruments. Sasando is usually played using both hands in opposite directions. The right hand acts to play the accord, while the left hand as a melody or bass. To play Sasando is certainly not easy, because it takes the harmonization of feelings and techniques, resulting in a tone that fits and melodious. In addition, the fingering skills in picking is necessary. Almost the same as the Harp musical skills in strumming greatly affects the sound especially when playing a fast tempo tone then the hand skills are indispensable.

Type Sasando 

Sasando has different types. According to its development, Sasando divided into 2 types: 

1. Traditional Sasando 

Traditional Sasando is a genuine Sasando form and played without electronic devices such as amplifiers. Also called "Acoustic Sasando"

2. Electric Sasando 

While electric Sasando is a type of Sasando that uses electronic devices (Modern Sasando). Usually electric Sasando played on a large stage or a modern show.

See also : How to clean a guitar properly

Sasando's voice 

Based on his voice, Sasando is also divided into several types including: 

1. Sasando Engkel 

Sasando Engkel is a Sasando type that has 28 strings. 

2. Sasando Double 

For a double Sasando usually has 56 or 84 strings, so it has more types of sound. 

3. Sasando Gong 

Sasando Gong is a type of Sasando that has a voice resembling the sound of Gong (traditional musical instruments from Indonesia). 

4. Sasando Violin 

While the Sasando violin is a Sasando that has a voice resembling the sound of a violin.

Surely the use of each type of Sasando tailored to the skills of every player and the needs of the show.

See also : Jazz music history

Development of Sasando 

Sasando musical instrument is still preserved and developed until now. Currently Sasando has been developed into several types, both in terms of sound and even made electronic music. Currently Sasando is also still often played to accompany traditional songs, poets, and dances. In addition Sasando is also often featured in the form of orchestra and solo performances.

Sasando - Traditional musical instrument of indonesia-2

Her beautiful, melodious voice makes many people interested in this traditional musical instrument. Even the musical voices of Sasando music aren't only known in the local community, but also known both in the country and abroad.

See also : Angklung - Musical Instrument of Indonesia

One of Sasando's famous players is "Berto Pah." He is the son of the maestro sasando of Indonesia "Jeremias Aogus Pah." The name of Berto Pah became famous because his performing in a talent show event in Indonesia

I hope this traditional musical instrument from Indonesia be better known in the world. Sasando - Traditional music instrument of Indonesia by Music For Your Life.



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